3 Steps to Deploy Your Website in the Cloud Using AWS

Website As Bill Gates reportedly said, “If your business isn’t on the internet, then your business will be out of business.” We would add: If your website isn’t fast enough, then you aren’t on the internet.

Website

Creating a website is not complex. Optimizing it to load fast all around the world is a much more significant issue. In this article, we share a comprehensive tutorial on how to create a cloud environment for a website using Amazon Web Services (AWS) and optimize access to the site from different locations. We also describe core AWS tools for deploying a web service globally.

Why move to the cloud?

While it’s not always cheaper to rent a server than to maintain one, the main advantage of moving your website to the cloud is that you can use any server around the world. This is important for organizations targeting an international market. When you move your website to the cloud, it’s much easier to comply with local requirements and ensure data security. Besides, it also spares your IT department from server maintenance.

Pricing

The cost of computing resources differs from one provider to another. So we recommend estimating the costs of moving your website to a specific cloud and the costs of maintaining your existing service.

In our case, we’ll move a website to the AWS cloud using the AWS Fargate task launcher and the Amazon Route 53 DNS service. Fargate uses the AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) service, which provides virtual machines (VMs) on demand. These are paid services with free trial access.

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Getting down to basics

Let’s suppose that our_site.com is deployed on our company’s internal server, located in the United States. Recently, we’ve started working with European clients, so website access speed in Europe has become critical. The most appropriate choice is to deploy our existing site in the cloud: This will allow us to flexibly manage the availability of our service throughout the world.

Container with the website. The site we’re about to deploy in the cloud should be containerized, i.e. wrapped in a Docker container. We need to do this in order to distribute identical copies of the site across several regions.

AWS ECS. We’ll use AWS Elastic Container Service (ECS) to run the containers. AWS also provides EC2 service for running virtual machines in the cloud. On these machines, you can deploy ready-made system images, your own system images, and containers. The ECS service works side by side with EC2 and abstracts the launch of containers from the launch of machines

Amazon Fargate. Generally, a container with a site (or any other web service) can be launched in ECS as an EC2 or Fargate service. EC2 services are known for their in-depth resource management. Fargate services are designed to simplify the launch of containers. In this tutorial, we use a Fargate service to automate the process of building virtual machines and network interfaces.

Task Definition. Every container launch starts a new task. Several containers can be used in one task, but we’ll only run one container in one task. The task description is an ECS object of the Task Definition type. Using Task Definition, you can define the container launch parameters and the necessary resources, then use these rules to launch containers within a region.

Getting started with AWS

First of all, you need to log in to AWS. If you aren’t registered in AWS, you’ll have to go through the registration procedure, which requires personal information and a credit card.

After registering, you’ll receive root credentials for accessing AWS using software tools: AWS Access Key ID and AWS Secret Access Key. AWS recommends not using the credentials of the root user directly. It’s safer to create an identity and access management (IAM) user profile, configure AWS access settings, and use the IAM credentials to work with the CLI. You can learn more about this process in the AWS guide.

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Conclusion

Deploying a website on a cloud server instead of your own server in your basement has a few advantages:

  • Your website will load fast in any part of the world
  • You can quickly deploy your site on any other server worldwide
  • You can respond quickly to changing load by increasing or decreasing capacity

In this article, we’ve described a step-by-step procedure for forming a cloud environment for a website with AWS tools. To do this, you’ll need AWS services: AWS Fargate, Amazon Route 53, and AWS EC2. Every command in the tutorial is executed through the AWS CLI to give you a better understanding of how AWS works.

Using this tutorial, you can improve your website’s scalability and availability by moving it from a server in your office basement to the cloud. Check out our articles on virtualization and cloud computing and feel free to contact us if you have any questions!